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Resolve the overcapacity of steel from the vicious circle of

resolve overcapacity, eliminate backward production capacity is no longer a new word, in fact, starting in 2005, the state has issued dozens of sets of various ministries document, the purpose is to reduce steel production capacity, eliminate backward, but the eight-year period , iron and steel production capacity, "repeatedly pressed repeatedly up", "the more limited the more." For the production of iron and steel industry overcapacity and environmental pollution this year, the government frequently develop ideas and goals, the intensity of the large countries, strong determination, the ability to make steel city to escape it, "the more the more Amoy capacity" of the cycle it? Nearly years, the project launched around the steel, steel serious excess capacity. But also to the entire steel industry and its related upstream and downstream industries over fifty have brought no small impact. Last month on the 15th, the State Council issued a "serious excess capacity to resolve conflicting guidance," and proposed focus on five industry capacity to resolve conflicts, including "steel industry" was ranked in the first place. Meeting, which will strengthen the steel industry standard management, resolutely curb investment in new capacity, new capacity is strictly prohibited items and structural adjustment in six key areas of Hebei, work as a key to resolve the work.
Ministry will carry seven work well capacity to resolve conflicts work, CISA 12 proposed to carry out the implementation of the central aspects of the work required, all the above are seen in the countrys attitude towards the elimination of backward production capacity is definitely not the fun of it a.
in the steel market forum held recently, the Director of the Ministry of National Engineering Materials Division Zhang Dechen said, in line with the list of the second batch of "Steel industry norms conditions" will be published before the end. Ministry is exploring the use of the list to manage the steel industry, steel prices on the finalists perform support, not shortlisted will squeeze their living space. The second batch will be greater than the size of the first. Zhang Dechen told the China Securities Journal reporter, including the supporting standards-compliant enterprises to provide credit support, the license management involving steel products will be convenient to list companies on the list of foreign companies will be more difficult to obtain a permit.
We carefully analyzed under management with a list of the steel industry to really feResolve the overcapacity of steel from the vicious circle of Chinese steel can,asible? perhaps feasible, because they were excluded from the list of steel enterprises outside the living space will be squeezed, and obtain a permit will be more on have difficulty, or make a list of those outside the steel production can be significantly compressed, so as to achieve the purpose of elimination. However, we can not exclude the possibility of "black white production capacity" since the production stage, at this stage, Chinas steel industry capacity utilization only Qi Cheng, steel prices within the list will have priority in many respects, it is These steel mills would be difficult to guarantee capacity black (not statistics to capacity) adds up. If the state government failed to master the correct way, more capacity will still scouring the more.
Last week, the Land Department issued a document for industries with excess capacity (steel, aluminum, cement, etc.) will not be permitted to add space, this behavior also eliminate backward production capacity in order to promote corporate mergers and acquisitions exit and establish long-term mechanism of Land Resource Management, increased supervision of land and resources.
stage, most of the state-owned steel enterprises is, I think the best way to have the appropriate government or exit mechanism, and to promote corporate restructuring, enhancing the competitiveness of the industry, at the same time, with the national prevention and control of atmospheric contamination determination, or the steel city can resolve the problem of overcapacity from the cycle of bondage.

化解产能过剩,淘汰落后产能已经不再是新词了,实际上从2005年开始,国家各个部委相继出台数十套文件,目的就是减少钢铁产能、淘汰落后,可是8年的时间里,钢铁产能“屡压屡涨”、“越限越多”.今年以来针对钢铁行业的产能过剩以及环境污染政府频频制定意见和目标,此次,国家的力度之大,决心之强,能否让钢市逃脱这“产能越淘越多”的怪圈呢?近几年,各地钢铁项目上马,钢铁产能严重过剩.也给整个钢铁行业以及与其有关的五十多个上下游产业都带来了不小的冲击.上个月15号,国务院出台了《关于化解产能严重过剩矛盾的指导意见》,提出重点化解五大行业产能矛盾,其中“钢铁行业”被排在了首位.会议上提出,将加强钢铁行业规范管理,坚决抑制新增产能投资,严禁新增产能项目,并把河北等六个重点地区的结构调整工作作为化解工作的重点.

工信部将开展7项工作抓好化解产能矛盾工作、中钢协提出要开展12方面工作落实中央要求,以上的种种,均看出国家对此次淘汰落后产能的态度绝对不是玩玩而已了.

在近日举行的钢铁市场论坛上,国家工信部原材料司处长张德琛表示,第二批符合《钢铁行业规范条件》名单即将在年底前公布.工信部正在探索用名单化来管理钢铁行业,对入围的钢企进行支持,不入围的将挤压其生存空间.第二批的规模将大于第一批.张德琛告诉中国证券报记者,各项扶持包括对符合标准的企业提供信贷支持,在涉及许可证管理的钢铁产品上也会给名单内企业便利,名单外企业在取得许可证上会更有难度.

我们仔细分析下,用名单化来管理钢铁行业,真的可行么?或许可行,因为被排除在名单之外的钢企的生存空间会被挤压,而且在取得许可证上会更有难度,这或会使那些名单之外的钢厂产能得到大幅的压缩,从而达到淘汰的目的.但是,我们并不能排除“黑产能变白产能”的可能性,因为现阶段,现阶段,我国钢铁行业的产能利用率仅七成,名单之内的钢企在很多方面都会拥有优先权,很难保证这些钢企将黑产能(未统计到的产能)增加了上来.如果国家政府没能掌握正确的方法,产能还是会越淘越多的.

上周,国土部发文对于产能过剩行业(钢铁,铝,水泥等)一律不批准新增用地,此行为也是为了促进落后产能淘汰退出和企业兼并重组,建立国土资源管理长效机制,加大国土资源监管力度.

现阶段,大多数钢企为国企,笔者认为最好的办法或是政府要有适当的退出机制,同时要推动企业重组,提升整个行业的竞争力,与此同时,配合国家防治大气污染的决心,或钢市化解产能过剩问题能够脱离怪圈的束缚.