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Excess production capacity how to digest Chinese search scre

? 2 ? one hundred million tons of excess capacity come
before this 4 months, the national pig iron, crude steel and steel production and steel stocks accumulated occupy a high position, 3 the highest end steel stocks 2192 tons. Morgan Stanley recently released research report, the current global excess steel production capacity has reached 3.34 tons, of which China is about 2 million tons. High backlog " Steel Mountain " behind a steel enterprises increasingly difficult situation. CISA 1 to 4 operation of the steel industry in March showed that steel prices are still effective monthly decline MoM, total sales increased by only medium-sized steel 0.76% , sales profit only 0.23% , in the bottom level of the industrial sector nearly forty percent of companies at a loss.
2 one hundred million tons of excess capacity step by step exactly how to form? Industry analysts, in addition to shrinking market demand, the capacity planning needs to keep up with changing market beat, even contrary to the needs of the important factors. Among these, the vicious competition among both iron and steel enterprises, " can not wait for the expansion of closed " and other factors, there are also problems from the overall planning. The project is subject to approval of the golden age of growth, and after lengthy formal approval to start construction, but the deep crisis of overproduction.
" surplus " what it means
waste of resources, environmental pollution, make money, when the public and businesses are aware of the consequences of excess,Temporary Fencing the excess may be able Forced change. Baosteel academic annual meeting, today the worlds leading steel company Nippon Steel introduced the former head of dark wood, Nippon Steel was the 25 within two blast furnaces shut down to 9 Block, capacity cuts 1/4 , in a smaller Under the production scale, with a high-end upgrade " capital " . Chinese Academy of Engineering, said Xu, chairman of Chinese Society for Metals, United States and Europe after the adjustment of steel overcapacity experience applies equally to the domestic industry: EU crude steel overcapacity adjustment spent nearly 20 , the U.S. steel industry has been proactive cuts, and now the U.S. steel production capacity almost no excess capacity, and has a strong competitive edge.
under the crisis of overproduction, the domestic steel industry can not really ton output capacity, find a way out? Recently, Vice President of China Iron and Steel Association, said Wang Qi, the future by raising barriers to entry and other environmental measures, and strive to 80% about capacity into standardized management, the elimination 20% capacity. Many large steel enterprises also raised capacity adjustment plan, said yesterday that the Wusong area Baosteel steel base has entered the preparation phase adjustment.
??? Morgan Stanley said in a report on China, the three main reasons that will disrupt the steel industry overcapacity removal through mergers and acquisitions : First of all, Expanded Metal make a lot of long-distance transport of steel feasibility of corporate mergers and acquisitions become less; secondly, the high employment rate also makes the steel industry after the merger and reorganization of local government want to turn excess capacity but binding the hands; there, 2011 years Chinese steel companies with low profit margins, making corporate cash shortage, few companies have funds for mergers and acquisitions.
while domestic demand for steel, has also led to Chinas steel production capacity in the world, the product mix has been stagnant. Reporters at the Volkswagen headquarters in an interview, the staff is proud to introduce the general public, in Germany to create the worlds recognized as the best large car, small to make the best knife, is behind because they have the most advanced steelmaking technology. In the Chinese market, such as the automotive sector, low quality or mainstream, quality requirements worse than a big slice of Europe, the downstream market does not improve the quality of demand, supply automotive sheet steel mills did not adjust the power of natural product structure. Insiders pointed out that, to completely change the structure of production and the plight of the domestic steel industry, the need to join forces on the downstream, the need for advanced manufacturing, emerging industries bring " source of power " . ???
2亿吨过剩产能从哪里来
今年前4个月,全国生铁、粗钢和钢材累计产量和钢材库存居于高位,3月末钢材库存达到最高的2192万吨.摩根士丹利近日发布的研究报告中称,当前全球钢铁过剩产能已达3.34亿吨,其中中国约有2亿吨.高高积压的"钢山"背后,是钢企越来越艰难的处境.中钢协1到4月份钢铁行业运行情况显示,钢企效益环比还在逐月下降,大中型钢铁销售收入累计增长仅0.76%,销售利润率仅0.23%,处于工业行业垫底水平,近四成企业处于亏损状态.
2亿吨过剩产能究竟怎么一步步形成?行业人士分析,除了需求市场萎缩外,产能规划跟不上市场需求变化的节拍,甚至与需求背道而驰,也是重要原因.这其中,既有钢铁企业间恶性竞争,"不扩张只能等着关门"等因素,也有来自整体规划的问题.如有的项目报批时处于增长的黄金时期,而经过漫长的审批到正式开工建设,却深陷过剩危机.
"过剩"究竟意味着什么
资源浪费、环境污染、赚不到钱,当公众和企业都意识到过剩的后果时,过剩或许可以倒逼变革.宝钢学术年会上,当今全球领先的钢铁公司新日铁前负责人黑木介绍,新日铁当时将25座高炉两年内关停到9座,产能削减1/4,在更小的生产规模下,拥有了向高端升级的"本钱".中国工程院院士、中国金属学会理事长徐匡迪表示,欧美国家钢铁过剩后的调整经验同样适用于国内行业:欧盟粗钢产能过剩调整花了近20年,美国钢铁业一直主动减产,如今美国钢铁产能几乎不过剩,而且拥有很强的竞争力.
过剩危机之下,国内钢铁业能不能真正壮士断腕,寻到出路?近日中国钢铁工业协会副会长王晓齐表示,未来通过提高环境准入门槛等措施,力争将80%左右的产能纳入到规范管理中,淘汰20%产能.许多大型钢企也提出了产能调整计划,宝钢昨天表示吴淞地区钢铁基地已进入调整的准备阶段.
摩根士丹利报告中称,就中国来说,三大原因将阻扰钢铁行业通过兼并重组去除过剩产能:首先,长距离运输使得不少钢铁企业兼并重组变得可行性不大;其次,钢铁行业的高就业率也使得地方政府在兼并重组后想关闭过剩产能却束手束脚;还有,2011年后中国钢铁企业低利润率,使得企业现金紧缺,很少有企业能有资金进行兼并重组.
而国内对钢铁的需求,也导致中国钢铁产能世界第一,产品结构却一直上不去.记者在德国大众汽车总部采访时,大众的工作人员自豪地介绍,德国制造大到造出世界公认最好的车,小到做出最好的刀,背后就是因为拥有最尖端的炼钢技术.而在中国市场,比如汽车领域,低质低价还是主流,品质要求比欧美差了一大截,下游市场没有提高品质Excess production capacity how to digest Chinese search screen information center的需求,供应汽车板的钢厂自然也没有调整产品结构的动力.业内人士指出,要彻底改变国内钢铁业的产能和结构困局,上下游需形成合力,需要先进制造、新兴产业带来"源头动力".